Knee Replacement

It s a surgical procedure where the worn, diseased or damaged knee joint is replaced with artificial material. Knee replacement surgery can be performed as a partial or total knee replacement. During a total knee replacement (TKR), the end of the femur bone is removed & replaced with metal shell.  In partial knee replacement only one part of the knee joint is replaced. It is one of the most important orthopedic surgical advances of the century & first knee replacement was performed in 1968. This surgery is mainly done for pain, disability, deformity of knee joint and people having advanced osteoarthritis.  Complete history & physical examination is done along with X-Rays (which generally shows the extent of damage to the joint) & blood tests.

Medical counseling is necessary before the operation as some of the medical problems (obesity, diabetes, heart problems) as a direct risk for complications & compromised results. Complications include infection of joints, Deep Vein Thrombosis, Loosening of prosthesis, stiffness. High demand/ high impact activities (running, jogging, jumping sports & high impact aerobics are to be avoided after surgery. Physical therapy is an essential part of rehabilitation in TKR. According to a study from Hospital for Special Surgery, athletes can return to playing sports after receiving tissue transplants for bone and cartilage knee injuries & Orthopedic Surgeons in England have successfully transplanted into a patient’s knee a 3D implant of cartilage grown from patient’s own healthy cell.

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